“Yurt” is, of course, the English word for these awesome structures. In Mongolia, they are known as ger (rhymes with “air”). According to Becky Kemery, author of YURTS: Living in the Round, the original word for “nomad” came from a word for “felt,” which was used to cover yurts in Central Asia. Turkic nomads west of Mongolia called their structures eu, oy, or uy (meaning “dwelling” or “home”).
Gorkhi-Terelj National Park, Mongolia (September 2009)
(picture from M. Angel Herrero via Flickr)